My terminal is my IDE

- 3 mins

When people ask me what IDE I use at my work, I tell them I don’t. This always baffles my friends who are used to working with PyCharm, Eclipse and Visual Studio. When they pester me further, I would generally say something along the lines of

My terminal is my IDE

For my day job I work on creating synthesis tools for hardware description languages. Synthesis tools are your compilers for Verilog, VHDL, and System Verilog family of languages. These compilers are generally run on Linux based operating systems and we use a mixture of C and C++ for their development.

First thing I want to say is that these compilers are huge something along the lines of half a million lines of code and take almost 30 minutes to build even when parallel compilation is turned on. Generally, today’s IDEs are well equipped for these kind of code bases but to me they kind of get in the way.

Here are some of the tools which I use to accomplish the same tasks a modern IDE has in built support for.

cscope : This is an excellent tool for navigating huge C and C++ code bases. It lets you find where a particular identifier is defined. Where is this function getting called, yada yada. To add to this, the tool is fast, on the first run cscope would automatically create a index of identifiers and thus searches are very fast. You can have a look at the screenshot below which summarised what this nifty command-line tool can accomplish. You can download cscope from here.

cgdb : This is a curses based wrapper over gdb which allows you to see your code base while debugging through it (Yes, this is possible in gdb as well, but cgdb doesn’t require you to press awkward shortcut keys to make the code appear, plus it doesn’t mess up the code window whenever you print something that goes beyond the current command window). Moreover, cgdb even has support for syntax highlighting and allows you to browse through history of commands using arrow keys, which gdb doesn’t when your source window is open. You can get cgdb from here.

vim : My editor for choice. I was introduced to it 4 years ago, and I love it. I do use other editors like Sublime Text and VS Code, but for some reason, coding in C and C++ just feels right at home in Vim. I won’t get into much details since I believe I don’t even use 10% of Vim’s full potential, but there is one feature that most developers prefer in IDEs that is essential for development — jumping to the definition of a particular identifier. This can be easily accomplished in Vim using either the built-in support for ctags or using the powerful ctrlp.vim plugin. You can find more about ctags and vim here. And you can see ctrlp.vim in action below :

Adding to the above, I use vim-plug for managing my vim plugins, I use the base16 monokai theme for my terminal (Gnome Terminal) as well as for Vim. As far as fonts are concerned, Source Code Pro is my font of choice.

htop : This is a replacement for the top command available on most unix systems. htop provides a nice graphical interface (much nicer as compared to top) and could graphically show the utilisation of each cpu core. You can see for yourself looking at a screenshot of htop below and comparing it to top. You can get htop from here.

And that’s it, these lightweight tools are able to do most of the heavy lifting for me. Apart from these, I just use normal linux commands like grep, find, sed, cut, etc. if I want to create scripts or find something in a hurry.

Kartik Anand

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